Document Type : Original Article

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Ministry of Education/Anbar Education Directorate

Received: 11 September 2021                  Accepted: 03 October 2021                     Published: 06 December 2021

 10.22034/JHI.2021.300383.1033                                                                      XML Files


This paper aims at exploring the theme of anti-colonialism in Maruf Al-Rusafi’s poem ”Day of Fallujah” and Munir Shikohabad’s poem ”The Qasida”. Both of them are undergoing a generating considerable interest in terms of anti-colonialism with their pens and poems that entered the history of struggle against colonialism. This paper also documents the refusal of people of both countries: India and Iraq for the British colonial rule by analyzing two poems of Munir Shikohabadi and Maruf Al-Rusafi. The role of those two poets was to call for the unity of their people and encourage them to rebel against the colonizers and their agents; by condemning the British colonizers and disclosing their bluffing. This study is an attempt to answer the questions: how did Al-Rusafi and Shikohabadi link the bridge of struggle against colonialism through their poems? What were the literary techniques Al-Rusafi and Shikohabadi used to make their poems be argumentative in modern literature?